The main characteristic of an anchor is the holding power they possess. The holding power refers to the amount of force the Anchor can resist. This holding power is to maintain the balance of the boat during wind or current. However, holding power depends upon the wind speed and direction.
Therefore, for a small and lightweight boat of 20’, a 90-pound Mushroom anchor would be the right choice. You might be confused while selecting an anchor for your boat. Therefore, we will further discuss the different types of Anchors for small and large boats.
What is an anchor?
The word ‘anchor’ comes from the Greek word ‘Ancora’s. An anchor is a device usually made up of steel, used to provide balance to the boat. The Anchor is attached to the boat, and the other goes deep into the bed of a water body to prevent the boat/ ship from drifting due to bad weather conditions. There are various types of anchors such as:
- Yacht man’s Anchor
- Northill anchor
- Grapnel anchor
- Kedge anchor
- Mushroom anchor
An Anchor’s use depends on whether the boat is on the beach or sailing in the river.
How to choose an anchor?
The Anchor should be strong enough to hold the vessel in place. You will need an anchor rope and anchor light to use the boat anchor appropriately. Many small boat owners search for small anchors based on storage space and convenience. However, choosing the Anchor based on the weight of your boat is the convenient way. For luxury boats such as pontoon boats, using two anchors can be beneficial. If you select the wrong Anchor for your small craft, you might end up drifting your boat in rough conditions.
What are the different anchors used for small boats?
The only Anchor that is suitable for a small, lightweight boat is a Mushroom anchor. They work with every small boat as they reach the bottom level of water and penetrate the sediment. Mushroom anchors look like an upside-down mushroom. However, it is not suitable for boats larger than dinghy or a small sailboat. They also do not function in bad or rough water and weather. Unlike other anchors, this Anchor does not form a grip; instead sinks in.
How to safely install an anchor?
If the Anchor is not installed correctly, the boat might sink or drown. Always remember to keep a spare anchor while you’re on the water. Following are the procedure for safe anchor installation:
- Use Engine when you’re anchoring
- Head towards current when you’re anchoring
- Make use of enough rode
- Make sure the Anchor holds
- Keep the knowledge of bottom structure.
The Anchor should be of the correct size to suit the weight of your boat. Using the Engine to help when you’re anchoring is the key; not every boat owner knows. If a person installs the Anchor safely, you can call him a seaman. The first step is to make your boat standstill.